What do French bulldogs, Cavalier King Charles spaniels, and Shih Tzus have in common? It is not just that they consistently rank among the American Kennel Club’s most popular breeds. These dog breeds are brachycephalic, which means “short-headed” in Greek. Brachycephalic dog breeds (also called flat-faced or snub-nosed dogs) have buggy eyes, squished faces, and scrunched-up noses.
With their baby-like features and small size, Brachycephalic dog breeds are incredibly cute. The problem is, breeding dogs to have miniature muzzles and shorter skulls can cause many health problems.
Want to add a brachycephalic dog breed to your family? Once your beautiful four-legged friend arrives, you will need to take special precautions to keep your snub-nosed dog happy and healthy. In this DJANGO Dog Blog article, we discuss everything you need to know about taking care of flat-faced dogs.
French bulldogs and bulldogs have ranked in the AKC’s top 5 most popular breeds for the last four years. As of writing in mid 2021, frenchies are considered the second most popular dog in the United States! Seven snub-nosed breeds were also listed in the top 35 most popular dog breeds in 2020. These popular dog breeds include:
A 2020 study by the Royal Veterinary College found that first-time pet parents preferred brachycephalic dog breeds because they are low maintenance and require less exercise. Flat-faced dogs are also popular family companions and apartment dwellers.
While brachycephalic dog breeds have a shortened nose and upper jaw, they still have the same amount of tissue as dogs with longer snouts. The extra tissue gets squeezed into a shorter space, so there is no room for air to move around. This causes brachycephalic airway syndrome.
Brachycephalic airway syndrome is an umbrella term that describes four upper airway conditions. A brachycephalic dog usually has 3-4 of these conditions at the same time. They are:
Most brachycephalic dog breeds are at risk of developing brachycephalic airway syndrome, but English bulldogs, pugs, and Boston terriers are the most vulnerable. According to a 2015 study, the majority of dogs are diagnosed with brachycephalic airway syndrome by 12 months of age. The clinical signs and symptoms of brachycephalic airway syndrome are:
“I THINK MY DOG HAS BRACHYCEPHALIC AIRWAY SYNDROME. WHAT SHOULD I DO?”
Visit your regular veterinarian as soon as possible. If your dog has mild or intermittent brachycephalic airway syndrome, your veterinarian will most likely recommend a weight loss program and ways to avoid heat, humidity, and stress.
If your dog has severe brachycephalic airway syndrome, he may need a stenotic nares resection. This can cost anywhere from $200-$1,000 and involved your veterinarian widening your dog’s nostrils. Your dog may also need a soft palate resection that costs between $500 and $1,500. During this procedure, your veterinarian will remove extra tissue at the back of your dog’s throat.
If your dog is gasping for air or has a bluish tongue, immediately rush him to the nearest emergency veterinary clinic.
Here are some simple tips to help you reduce the symptoms of brachycephalic airway syndrome and protect your dog's health.
"CAN BRACHYCEPHALIC SYNDROME BE PREVENTED?"
There is no "cure" for brachycephalic airway syndrome since causes are attributed to physical traits: miniature muzzles and shorter skull. With that said, the above tips can significantly enhance your brachycephalic dog's health and reduce symptoms of the syndrome.
If you have any specific questions about your brachycephalic dog's health and wellbeing or think he or she may be suffering from brachycephalic airway syndrome, please visit or speak with your licensed veterinarian.
We hope you found this DJANGO Dog Blog article useful! Do you have a brachycephalic dog breed? Has your dog had any health issues? Don't hesitate to leave a comment below. We would love to hear from you!
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Dachshunds are a small, stubborn, loyal, and adventurous dog breed. Mike and I (Steph) know from experience. We're the proud dog parents of Django, our 7-year old long-haired dachshund and adventure pup. Django has been all over the United States and Europe with us, and we even named our dog accessories and dog apparel business, DJANGO, after him!
Despite being one of the most popular small dog breeds, dachshunds are often difficult to outfit. It can be challenging to find a dog harness that comfortably and securely fits your wiener dog's broad chest, muscular build, and long frame.
In this DJANGO Dog Blog article, we discuss what to look for when choosing a walking harness for your sausage dog. We also examine how often you should exercise your dachshund.
Tumble washable rugs review #2!
It's been over six months since we wrote our first review of Tumble rugs. Since then, our Tumble rugs have been through a lot. We have a rambunctious toddler who is almost 4 years old, a 10 month old baby who is learning he can throw spaghetti, and a low-riding long-haired dachshund who tracks in dirt, mud, and debris after every walk. Our Tumble rugs have seen milk and OJ spills, marker and crayon stains, dirt streaks, marinara splotches, endless dog hair...you name it.
We have 7 Tumble area rugs and runners throughout our home. Based on the location, each of our Tumble rug sees different levels of foot traffic, spills, dirt marks, and dog hair.
In this DJANGO Dog Blog article, we provide an updated overview and review of Tumble rugs based on our family's personal and extensive experience with the machine washable rugs.
Finding adorable and high quality puppy-themed baby gifts for you or a new parent isn't always easy. Are you a soon-to-be mom looking to spoil your newborn with cute clothes and/or design your little one's new nursery with dog-themed decor? Need to find a budget-friendly baby shower gift for a dog lover in your life.
Mike and I (Steph) have an adorable 9 month old boy and a rambunctious 3.5 year old toddler. We are also madly in love with our longhaired dachshund Django—our first child! We've bought and been gifted countless dog-themed baby gifts, toys, and accessories over the years.
In this DJANGO Dog Blog article, we round up our favorite 21 puppy-themed baby gifts that are sure to elicit 'oohs' and 'aahs' when unwrapped. Scroll down for dog-themed baby clothes and accessories, dog-themed toys for babies and toddlers, and dog-themed home and nursery decor.