Updated July 2020
Last year Mike and I (Steph) took our dachshund Django on our honeymoon to Europe. The process of taking Django abroad was complicated, time-consuming, expensive... and 100% worth it. We had a great time with Django in France and Italy and highly recommend international pet travel when it's done right!
We outlined everything our friends need to do to successfully bring their dog to Europe and also have a great article detailing every international airline's pet policy for in-cabin travel. But what about our international friends who want to take their pet to the USA? This post is for you!
Here is everything you need to do to take your dog to the USA. If you have any questions just leave us comment below!
Dogs may not enter the United States if they look sick or have a disease that can spread to others. This applies to all dogs including service dogs and emotional support animals. A U.S. Customs and Border Protection agent will inspect your dog to verify his/her health at the airport. If your dog looks sick or exhibits signs of illness or disease, your pup may be quarantined or denied entry entirely.
Yes. Every U.S. state requires that your dog be immunized against rabies and have a valid rabies vaccination certificate. These requirements apply equally to all dogs, including puppies and service animals.
Although the U.S. Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) only requires dogs NOT from these rabies-free countries to be vaccinated, U.S. state law overrides CDC policy.
On rare occasion, the CDC will grant a permit allowing an unimmunized dog to enter the U.S. These dog permits are given only to U.S. residents and visitors staying 30 days or more in the United States, and additional conditions must be met.
Dogs that have never been vaccinated against rabies must be vaccinated at least 30 days before arrival. Puppies cannot be vaccinated against rabies before they are 3 months old, so the youngest a puppy can be brought into the United States is 4 months old.
A puppy under 4 months of age may be allowed to enter the U.S. without prior rabies vaccination -- this will depend on which U.S. state you are visiting, so check the respective state's pet import policy page. New Jersey, for example, allows pets younger than 4 months to enter the state without prior rabies vaccination so long as the pet owner contacts “the CDC at CDCAnimalImports@cdc.gov as soon as possible in advance of the dogs arrival to approve a confinement agreement allowing the dog entry if 2 owners agree to vaccinate the dog at 3 months of age and confine it for 30 days from the date of rabies vaccination”.
Adult dogs older than 15 months of age that previously received a rabies vaccination and that has since expired may be imported immediately after booster vaccination, without the need to wait 30 days.
Dogs entering the U.S. need a valid Rabies Vaccination Certificate. This certificate must be issued by a licensed veterinarian and applies to ALL dogs including service dogs. The certificate must include (1) Name and address of owner (2) Breed, sex, age, color, markings, and other identifying information for the dog (3) Date of rabies vaccination and vaccine product information (4) Date the vaccination expires (5) Name, license number, address, and signature of veterinarian who administered the vaccination.
Some U.S. states require a Certificate of Veterinary Inspection (CVI). We needed to get something very similar to a CVI before taking Django to Europe for the first time.
A Certificate of Veterinary Inspection, or animal health certificate, is a document issued by an accredited veterinarian confirming that your pet has been inspected, found healthy, and meets requirements pertaining to travel. The CVI details the pet's information (owner, address, breed, markings, vaccinations), states the animal is in good health, and it must be issued right before you enter the United States. For example, New York requires that all dogs flying into the state have a CVI issued 30 days or less prior to entry into the U.S.
Check with your destination state’s health department before you leave on your trip to confirm if a CVI requirement applies. If it does, schedule an appointment with an accredited veterinarian at home well before you plan on departing for the U.S.
Yes, skim through these to see if they apply to you and your dog:
(1) If you are traveling from a country or region where screwworm is known to exist:
(2) If you are traveling from a country or region where Foot and Mouth Disease is known to exist:
(3) According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), "Collies, shepherds, and other dogs to be used in the handling of livestock and that are imported from any part of the world except Canada, Mexico, and regions of Central America and the West Indies may be inspected and quarantined at the port of entry to determine their freedom from tapeworm infection."
Yes, but the minimum age requirement for dogs entering the U.S. is 4 months.
A puppy under 4 months of age may be allowed to enter the U.S. without prior rabies vaccination -- this will depend on which U.S. state you are visiting, so check the respective state's pet import policy page.
New Jersey, for example, allows pets younger than 4 months to enter the state without prior rabies vaccination so long as the pet owner contacts “the CDC at CDCAnimalImports@cdc.gov as soon as possible in advance of the dogs arrival to approve a confinement agreement allowing the dog entry if 2 owners agree to vaccinate the dog at 3 months of age and confine it for 30 days from the date of rabies vaccination”.
Upon arrival in the United States, you will be required to provide a copy of your Rabies Vaccination Certificate and/or Certificate of Veterinary Inspection to a U.S. Customs and Border Protection officer (usually located by the exit door of the baggage claim). Always carry your Rabies Vaccination Certificate with you on the airplane, just in case your luggage is delayed or lost. The U.S. Customs and Border Protection agent will inspect your dog to verify his/her health, rabies vaccination information, and make sure your dog's appearance and age match the description on the certificate.
Planning an international trip with your pup this year or next? Check out DJANGO's international pet travel resources:
Hope you found all of this information helpful! Leave us a message below if you have questions or comments, and please let us know about your own experiences traveling to the US!
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