When our dachshund Django's nose, eyes and cheeks started suddenly swelling, we learned first-hand about allergic reactions in dogs.
After two visits to the emergency veterinary, one overnight emergency stay, twelve doses of prednisone (an anti-inflammatory steroid and immune suppressant), and $881 in emergency vet bills... we now know A LOT about canine allergies - what symptoms to look for, common allergens, and available treatments.
Here is everything you need to know in case it happens to your pup.
Just like humans, dogs are prone to allergies. Allergic reactions can range from very mild (with little or no symptoms) to incredibly serious and life threatening.
While the spectrum of dog allergens is wide, we've listed the most common allergens below:
We never actually learned what caused Django's reaction but suspect it was a bee or wasp sting. We had been on our regular morning walk around 8am. By 11m, Django's facial fur started showing little wrinkles around his eyes and nose. We didn't realize it at first, but this was the start of the swelling. Within 30 minutes (when we were en route to the emergency vet), his face had puffed up to the point where it was almost unrecognizable.
* The most serious and potentially lethal allergic reactions are often caused by insect bites, insect stings and medications (including vaccines). Although rare, dogs can experience anaphylactic reactions in response to these allergens. Anaphylactic reactions often begin with a feeling of uneasiness. Symptoms including itching and hives, swelling, wheezing and difficulty breathing can develop rapidly and must be addressed immediately.
** Although often non life-threatening, treat facial swelling seriously and see a vet immediately. In some cases, facial swelling can extend to the throat and cause wheezing and difficulty breathing
While less common, dogs can also have severe and potentially life-threatening allergic reactions. Immediately take your dog to an emergency veterinarian if your dog is displaying any of these symptoms.
Treatments will vary based on the cause and degree of your dog's allergic reaction. Always consult your vet before giving any medication to your dog.
Dogs that experience severe allergic reactions (difficulty breathing, facial and throat swelling) should immediately be taken to an emergency veterinarian. Your dog will likely be given an antihistamine (i.e. Benadryl) to immediately reduce swelling. If the antihistamine is not enough, or swelling returns after several hours, a strict regimen of anti-inflammatory steroids may be prescribed.
|Allergic Reaction Type||Severity Level||Outcome|
|High||Feeling of discomfort and quickly developing into itching and hives, swelling, wheezing and difficulty breathing; Lethal if not treated immediately|
|Facial swelling (edema)||Moderate||Rarely fatal, often treated by vet with antihistamines (i.e. benadryl) and/or a regimen of anti-inflammatory steroids|
|Hives (Urticaria)||Mild||Red, itchy, raised welts; not life-threatening|
|Dermatitis||Mild||Itchiness most commonly around the ears, paws, muzzle groin; not life-threatening|