Our dachshund Django is obsessed with water and absolutely loves the beach. He literally screams like an old lady who just won the lottery whenever he sees the ocean (no exaggeration).
Django's long and low-riding frame makes him very susceptible to picking up debris and insects when we're out adventuring. After Django unfortunately picked up fleas after a family beach vacation to North Carolina last year, Mike and I (Steph) went into hardcore research mode. Can dogs get fleas from the beach? What are sand fleas, and where do they come from? In this article we take an in-depth look at sand fleas: what they are, where they thrive, and whether you and your dog need to be worried about sand flea bites during your next beach outing.
There are two types of fleas. The first type of flea is the most well-known: the flightless insect that jumps onto your dog, particularly in warmer months, bites and feeds off of him or her, and ultimately lays eggs. These are the fleas that will cause itching, scratching, and a home infestation if not addressed immediately.
The other type of flea is called the sand flea, a parasitic crustacean often found in warm, tropical regions. The crustaceans jump, similar to the way fleas do, and are also known as beach fleas, sand hoppers, and beach hoppers.
Sand fleas are very small and range from 0.25 to 1 inch in length, depending on the species. One species of sand flea found in the northeast Atlantic and Mediterranian, Talitrus saltator, grows to 0.65 inches in length. Sand fleas are a grayish-brown or grayish-green color, helping them blend into the sand. They have two noticable black eyes, 10 legs, and a pair of antenae.
While sand fleas are very common in the West Indies and South and Central America, they can also be found in marches, along the coastal United States, and even thrive on the Mediterranean coast. Florida's eastern and Gulf coasts, North Carolina's banks, and even Southern California beaches are known to have sand flea colonies.
Sand fleas live and burrow in... you guessed it... the sand. Sand flea colonies are most commonly found in the slushy foreshore, the area of the beach that stays consistently wet due to tide and wave flows. The critters generally stay hidden during the hot, sunny hours of the day and come out in the cooler early morning and evening hours to forage on washed up kelp, seaweed, and animal matter. They are also more active on the beach immediately after it rains and when there is still cloud cover.
Yes and no. In certain parts of the world, some sand flea species are known to aggressively bite and burrow into human and animal skin. Since sand fleas are not technically insects but crustaceans, over-the-counter flea and tick preventatives are not effective treatments for these sand flea bites. Biting and burrowing sand fleas can actually cause more harm to people and dogs than regular dog and cat fleas. Left untreated, a sand flea infection can lead to severe discomfort, anemia, and even liver damage.
If you live in the United States, we have good news for you. Biting and burrowing sand fleas - the species that are most likely to attack human and animal flesh and dig into the skin - are fortunately not a threat in the United States. The sand fleas found in US coastal regions are typically scared of humans and much more interested in feeding on washed-up seaweed and decaying animal matter - rather than you or your dog. Given their non-threatening nature, US-based sand fleas are actually quite popular among fisherman as high quality bait.
Symptoms of sand flea bites include mosquito-like bites, black spots in the middle of the swollen areas (these may be breeding sand fleas), fever and relentless scratching.
Veterinarians must remove sand fleas directly from under your pup’s skin. Most likely, your vet will recommend cleaning the treated skin with alcohol or another disinfectant to prevent infection.
1. Avoid the beach after it rains. Avoid visiting the beach immediately after a rainfall. Sand fleas prefer cool air and cloud cover and are particularly aggressive when the air cools down after it rains.
2. Go to the beach mid-day. Sand fleas are more active in the early morning and evening when the sun is not burning hot and high in the sky.
3. Bring a towel or beach mat. Creating a simple barrier between you and the sand will minimize the risk of being bitten. Sit or lay on a large beach towel, mat or bedsheet so your feet, ankles and limbs aren't resting in the sand.
4. Don't dig. Sand fleas commonly attack feet, ankles and calves since these are easy targets. Avoid burying your feet in the sand, and prevent your pup from digging and burrowing.
5. Shower after leaving the beach. Rinse off right after leaving the beach (your dog included) and shake out your beach towels to reduce the risk of transporting sand fleas into your car or home.
DJANGO's Adventure Dog Harnesses and Leashes are designed for rugged adventures and everyday use. The Adventure Dog Harness features a weather-resistant and padded neoprene exterior with reflective piping, breathable sport mesh lining, supple and colorfast webbing, and four points of adjustment for a custom fit. The Adventure Dog Leash features heavy-duty and colorfast webbing, an ultra-padded neoprene handle for max comfort, and a functional D-ring. Solid cast brass hardware adds additional strength, durability, and sophistication to the adventure-ready designs.
Comments will be approved before showing up.
Dachshunds are a small, stubborn, loyal, and adventurous dog breed. Mike and I (Steph) know from experience. We're the proud dog parents of Django, our 7-year old long-haired dachshund and adventure pup. Django has been all over the United States and Europe with us, and we even named our dog accessories and dog apparel business, DJANGO, after him!
Despite being one of the most popular small dog breeds, dachshunds are often difficult to outfit. It can be challenging to find a dog harness that comfortably and securely fits your wiener dog's broad chest, muscular build, and long frame.
In this DJANGO Dog Blog article, we discuss what to look for when choosing a walking harness for your sausage dog. We also examine how often you should exercise your dachshund.
Tumble washable rugs review #2!
It's been over six months since we wrote our first review of Tumble rugs. Since then, our Tumble rugs have been through a lot. We have a rambunctious toddler who is almost 4 years old, a 10 month old baby who is learning he can throw spaghetti, and a low-riding long-haired dachshund who tracks in dirt, mud, and debris after every walk. Our Tumble rugs have seen milk and OJ spills, marker and crayon stains, dirt streaks, marinara splotches, endless dog hair...you name it.
We have 7 Tumble area rugs and runners throughout our home. Based on the location, each of our Tumble rug sees different levels of foot traffic, spills, dirt marks, and dog hair.
In this DJANGO Dog Blog article, we provide an updated overview and review of Tumble rugs based on our family's personal and extensive experience with the machine washable rugs.
Finding adorable and high quality puppy-themed baby gifts for you or a new parent isn't always easy. Are you a soon-to-be mom looking to spoil your newborn with cute clothes and/or design your little one's new nursery with dog-themed decor? Need to find a budget-friendly baby shower gift for a dog lover in your life.
Mike and I (Steph) have an adorable 9 month old boy and a rambunctious 3.5 year old toddler. We are also madly in love with our longhaired dachshund Django—our first child! We've bought and been gifted countless dog-themed baby gifts, toys, and accessories over the years.
In this DJANGO Dog Blog article, we round up our favorite 21 puppy-themed baby gifts that are sure to elicit 'oohs' and 'aahs' when unwrapped. Scroll down for dog-themed baby clothes and accessories, dog-themed toys for babies and toddlers, and dog-themed home and nursery decor.